- (Francophone) /ˈgʊʁmɑ̃/
- Bulgarian: лакомник
Adjectivegourmand ( gourmande, gourmands, gourmandes)
- eating a lot
- (Modern): having a love for good food, demanding of food quality
- a person who is gourmand.
Usage notesThe French and English usages of this word are false friends. While the English word has evolved to emphasize the excesses of a gourmand, the French word has become more associated with refined tastes in food. See also gourmet which has considerable overlap with the present word.
A gourmand is a gourmet, or namely an individual who has a discerning palate, and is a connoisseur of good food.
An older usage of the word is to describe a person given to excess in the consumption of food and drink, synonymous with "glutton".
In this latter usage, there is a parallel concern among the French that their word for the appreciation of gourmet cuisine (gourmandise) is historically included in the French Catholic list of the Seven Deadly Sins. With the evolution in the meaning of gourmand (and gourmandise) away from gluttony, towards the appreciation of good food, French culinary proponents are advocating that the Catholic Church update the infamous list to refer to "gloutonnerie" rather than "gourmandise".